Mitral Valve Prolapse Evaluation
The evaluation of mitral valve prolapse begins with a history and physical examination.
Usually, the physical exam in someone with mitral valve prolapse is normal.
Physical findings in someone with mitral valve prolapse may include:
Testing is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse.
Tests that may be used to evaluate mitral valve prolapse include:
- Thyroid profile
- Chest x-ray
- Cardiac monitoring
- 24-hour cardiac monitor:
- A portable ECG that measures the heart's rate and rhythm over a 24-hour period (or longer)
- Can identify MVP
Additional tests that may be used to evaluate mitral valve prolapse include:
- Intracardiac electrophysiologic studies (EPS):
- The heart is stimulated with tiny electrical currents in order to find the cause of an arrhythmia.
- Exercise stress test
- Cardiac catheterization
- MRI scan of the heart:
- Shows detailed images of the heart and coronary arteries
- SPECT scanning of the heart:
- Detects blood flow abnormalities to heart muscle
- Thallium heart scan
- Coronary artery CT scanning:
- Checks for possible obstructions in the coronary arteries
Continue to Mitral Valve Prolapse Treatment
- Hayek E, Gring CN, Griffin BP. Mitral valve prolapse. Lancet. 2005 Feb 5-11;365(9458):507-18. 
- Playford D, Weyman AE. Mitral valve prolapse: time for a fresh look. Rev Cardiovasc Med. 2001 Spring;2(2):73-81. 
- Theal M, Sleik K, Anand S, Yi Q, Yusuf S, Lonn E. Prevalence of mitral valve prolapse in ethnic groups. Can J Cardiol. 2004 Apr;20(5):511-5.