Mitral Stenosis Treatment
Treatment for mitral stenosis often includes heart medications, antibiotics, and anticoagulant medications. Some patients will require heart valve surgery to either repair or replace the mitral valve.
Treatment options for mitral stenosis include:
- Healthy heart diet:
- Medications for mitral stenosis:
- Diuretics (furosemide)
- Digoxin (Lanoxicaps, Lanoxin)
- Amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone)
- Diltiazem (Cardizem CD, Dilacor, Tiazac, Cardizem LA)
- Beta-blockers, such as Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
- Anticoagulant medications:
- Heart surgery to repair the mitral valve
- Heart surgery to replace the mitral valve
Those who have had valve replacement surgery require antibiotics to prevent bacterial endocarditis before they undergo the following procedures:
- Dental procedures that may cause bleeding of the gums:
- Dental cleaning
- Dental extraction
- Root canal
- Respiratory procedures:
Antibiotics used to prevent bacterial endocarditis include:
Mitral Stenosis Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after treatment for mitral stenosis.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Mitral Stenosis Specialist
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat mitral stenosis:
Continue to Mitral Stenosis Home Care
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- Tiong IY, Novaro GM, Jefferson B, Monson M, Smedira N, Penn MS. Bacterial endocarditis and functional mitral stenosis: a report of two cases and brief literature review. Chest. 2002 Dec;122(6):2259-62. 
- Yaryura RA, Carpenter RJ Jr, Duncan JM, Wilansky S. Management of mitral valve stenosis in pregnancy: case presentation and review of the literature. J Heart Valve Dis. 1996 Jan;5(1):16-9.