Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Mitral Stenosis Overview

What is mitral stenosis?
A person with mitral stenosis has abnormal narrowing of the mitral valve in the heart. A normal mitral valve allows blood to flow from the left atrium, into the left ventricle. The mitral valve closes to prevent the backflow of blood from the left ventricle into the left atrium. The narrowing interferes with the normal flow of blood from the left atrium into the left ventricle. This places stress on the heart, as it adjusts to keep up with demand. The most common cause for mitral stenosis is rheumatic fever. Severe mitral stenosis can lead to congestive heart failure.

What are the symptoms of mitral stenosis?
Symptoms of mitral stenosis include fatigue, cough, faintness, wheezing, chest pain, and difficulty breathing that worsens with exertion and while lying flat. Additional symptoms of mitral stenosis include palpitations, weight loss, leg swelling, and increased urination.

How does the doctor treat mitral stenosis?
Treatment for mitral stenosis includes heart valve surgery, medications, and anticoagulants.

Continue to Mitral Stenosis Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 20, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Mitral Stenosis References
  1. Binder TM, Rosenhek R, Porenta G, Maurer G, Baumgartner H. Improved assessment of mitral valve stenosis by volumetric real-time three-dimensional echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000 Oct;36(4):1355-61. [11028494]
  2. Glancy DL. Mitral stenosis: I. Anatomical, physiological, and clinical considerations. J La State Med Soc. 2003 Mar-Apr;155(2):91-5, quiz 96, 119. [12778992]
  3. Kabukcu M, Arslantas E, Ates I, Demircioglu F, Ersel F. Clinical, echocardiographic, and hemodynamic characteristics of rheumatic mitral valve stenosis and atrial fibrillation. Angiology. 2005 Mar-Apr;56(2):159-63. [15793605]
  4. Tiong IY, Novaro GM, Jefferson B, Monson M, Smedira N, Penn MS. Bacterial endocarditis and functional mitral stenosis: a report of two cases and brief literature review. Chest. 2002 Dec;122(6):2259-62. [12475876]
  5. Yaryura RA, Carpenter RJ Jr, Duncan JM, Wilansky S. Management of mitral valve stenosis in pregnancy: case presentation and review of the literature. J Heart Valve Dis. 1996 Jan;5(1):16-9. [8834719]
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