Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Miscarriage Anatomy

To better understand miscarriage, it helps to understand the anatomy of the uterus, cervix, and Fallopian tubes.

Anatomy of the female reproductive tract includes:

  • The uterus, cervix, and vaginal canal
  • The fallopian tubes: these paired structures connect each ovary to the uterus.
  • The ovaries: one on each side of the uterus. The normal ovary is approximately the size of an unshelled almond.

The fetus grows within the amniotic sac within the uterus:
  • Human embryo
  • The fetus within the amniotic sac
  • The near term fetus within the uterus

Last Updated: Nov 4, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Miscarriage References
  1. Aleman A, Althabe F, Belizan J, Bergel E. Bed rest during pregnancy for preventing miscarriage. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Apr 18;(2):CD003576. [15846669]
  2. Christiansen OB, Nybo Andersen AM, et al. Evidence-based investigations and treatments of recurrent pregnancy loss. Fertil Steril. 2005 Apr;83(4):821-39. [15820784]
  3. Dogra V, Paspulati RM, Bhatt S. First trimester bleeding evaluation. Ultrasound Q. 2005 Jun;21(2):69-85; quiz 149-50, 153-4. [15905817]
  4. Rumbold A, Middleton P, Crowther CA. Vitamin supplementation for preventing miscarriage. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Apr 18;(2):CD004073. [15846697]
  5. Schauberger CW, Mathiason MA, Rooney BL. Ultrasound assessment of first-trimester bleeding. Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Feb;105(2):333-8. [15684161]
  6. Sotiriadis A, Makrydimas G, Papatheodorou S, Ioannidis JP. Expectant, medical, or surgical management of first-trimester miscarriage: a meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol. 2005 May;105(5 Pt 1):1104-13. [15863551]
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