Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Microvascular Angina Overview

Another name for Microvascular Angina is Cardiac Syndrome X.

What is cardiac syndrome X?
A person with cardiac syndrome X has chest pain or discomfort, caused by a decrease in the supply of oxygen to the heart. Cardiac syndrome X is a type of angina. Cardiac syndrome X is caused by narrowing of the smaller vessels within the heart muscle. People with cardiac syndrome X have symptoms similar to those with angina, but rarely suffer heart attacks.

What are the symptoms of cardiac syndrome X?
The most common symptoms of cardiac syndrome X include chest pain or chest heaviness. Other symptoms include nausea, sweating, breathing difficulty, and arm pain.

How does the doctor treat cardiac syndrome X?
Treatment for cardiac syndrome X includes medications to control symptoms.

Continue to Microvascular Angina Symptoms

Last Updated: Aug 18, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Microvascular Angina References
  1. Asbury EA, Collins P. Cardiac syndrome X. Int J Clin Pract. 2005 Sep;59(9):1063-9. [16115183]
  2. Kaski JC, Aldama G, Cosin-Sales J. Cardiac syndrome X. Diagnosis, pathogenesis and management. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2004;4(3):179-94. [15134470]
  3. Mirza MA. Anginalike pain and normal coronary arteries. Uncovering cardiac syndromes that mimic CAD. Postgrad Med. 2005 May;117(5):41-6, 54. [15948368]
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