Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Microvascular Angina Evaluation

The evaluation of cardiac syndrome X begins with a medical history and physical examination.

Physical findings in someone with cardiac syndrome X may include:

Testing is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of cardiac syndrome X. Testing is usually performed to exclude coronary artery disease.

Tests that may be used to evaluate cardiac syndrome X include:

Additional tests that may be used to evaluate cardiac syndrome X include:

For more information:

Continue to Microvascular Angina Treatment

Last Updated: Dec 9, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Microvascular Angina References
  1. Asbury EA, Collins P. Cardiac syndrome X. Int J Clin Pract. 2005 Sep;59(9):1063-9. [16115183]
  2. Kaski JC, Aldama G, Cosin-Sales J. Cardiac syndrome X. Diagnosis, pathogenesis and management. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2004;4(3):179-94. [15134470]
  3. Mirza MA. Anginalike pain and normal coronary arteries. Uncovering cardiac syndromes that mimic CAD. Postgrad Med. 2005 May;117(5):41-6, 54. [15948368]
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