Metastatic Breast Cancer Options Stage 1
Treatment for stage 1 breast cancer:
- Lumpectomy to remove only the cancer and some surrounding breast tissue, followed by lymph node removal and radiation therapy
- Modified radical mastectomy with or without breast reconstructive surgery
Any one of the following may also be added following surgery:
- Radiation therapy to the lymph nodes and chest wall after a modified mastectomy
- Systemic chemotherapy with or without hormone therapy
- Hormone therapy
- LHRH antagonist therapy instead of surgery to remove ovaries
Important factors that influence decision making:
- A history of endometrial cancer makes hormone therapy risky.
- A history of stroke, DVT or pulmonary embolism makes tamoxifen therapy more risky.
- A history of vision problems or retinal disease makes tamoxifen therapy more risky.
- Being pregnant limits drug and hormone therapy options.
- Breast feeding limits drug and hormone therapy options.
- Having had your ovaries removed makes hormone therapy unnecessary.
- Having had your uterus removed makes hormone therapy less risky.
- Hormone receptor status: hormone therapy is not an option if the tumor is estrogen receptor negative.
- Hormone therapy can increase the risk of osteoporosis.
- Hormone therapy recipients will need close follow-up to make sure they do not develop uterine cancer.
- The desire to get pregnant makes tamoxifen therapy more risky, because it can cause birth defects.
Continue to Metastatic Breast Cancer Options Stage 3a
- Aiello EJ, Buist DS, White E, Seger D, Taplin SH. Rate of breast cancer diagnoses among postmenopausal women with self-reported breast symptoms. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2004 Nov-Dec;17(6):408-15. 
- Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer: Breast cancer and hormone replacement therapy: collaborative reanalysis of data from 51 epidemiological studies of 52,705 women with breast cancer and 108,411 women without breast cancer. Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer. Lancet 1997 Oct 11; 350(9084): 1047-59. 
- Giordano SH. A review of the diagnosis and management of male breast cancer. Oncologist. 2005 Aug;10(7):471-9.