Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Menopause Overview

What is menopause?
A woman undergoing menopause has reached a natural stage in her life when menstrual periods stop, the ovaries stop producing eggs, and the production of female hormones decreases. Menopause occurs between 40 and 55 years of age.

What are the symptoms of menopause?
Common symptoms of menopause include absent menstrual periods, hot flashes, excessive sweating, mood changes, vaginal dryness, constipation, decreased sex drive, difficulty sleeping, diarrhea, depression, nausea, vaginal itching, and urinary incontinence.

How does the doctor treat menopause?
General treatment for a woman with menopause includes a healthy diet, regular exercise, avoiding exposure to heat, avoiding alcohol, calcium supplements, and weight reduction for those who are overweight. Treatment for menopause may also include estrogen hormone replacement therapy, as well as medications that reduce the risk for osteoporosis.

Continue to Menopause Symptoms

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Menopause References
  1. Heinemann K, Ruebig A, Potthoff P, Schneider HP, Strelow F, Heinemann LA, Do MT. The Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) scale: a methodological review. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2004 Sep 2;2:45. [15345062]
  2. Obermeyer CM. Menopause across cultures: a review of the evidence. Menopause. 2000 May-Jun;7(3):184-92. [10810964]
  3. Zollner YF, Acquadro C, Schaefer M. Literature review of instruments to assess health-related quality of life during and after menopause. Qual Life Res. 2005 Mar;14(2):309-27. [15892422]
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