Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Warning Signs Prevention vaccine Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Transmission Anatomy

Meningococcal Meningitis Evaluation

The evaluation of someone who may have bacterial meningitis begins with a history and physical examination.

Physical findings in those with bacterial meningitis may include:

  • Brudzinski sign:
    • Bending of the neck causes the hips and knees to bend
  • Confusion
  • Lethargy:
  • Fever
  • Kernig sign:
    • Extending the knees with the hips flexed causes pain and muscle spasms
  • Papilledema:
    • Increased pressure in the eyes
  • Meningococcal rash:
    • Meningococcal infection may cause a rash that looks like broken blood vessels.

Testing is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of bacterial meningitis.

Tests for bacterial meningitis may include:

Continue to Meningococcal Meningitis Treatment

Last Updated: Dec 1, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Meningococcal Meningitis References
  1. Chavez-Bueno S, McCracken GH Jr. Bacterial meningitis in children. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2005 Jun;52(3):795-810, vii. [1592566]
  2. Kaplan SL: Clinical presentations, diagnosis, and prognostic factors of bacterial meningitis. Infect Dis Clin North Am 1999 Sep; 13(3): 579-94, vi-vii. [10470556]
  3. Pfister HW, Feiden W, Einhaupl KM: Spectrum of complications during bacterial meningitis in adults. Results of a prospective clinical study. Arch Neurol 1993 Jun; 50(6): 575-81. [8503793]
  4. Sigurdardottir B, Bjornsson OM, Jonsdottir KE, et al: Acute bacterial meningitis in adults. A 20-year overview. Arch Intern Med 1997 Feb 24; 157(4): 425-30. [9046894]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.