The treatment of meningitis depends upon the organism that causes the infection. Meningitis caused by bacteria, fungi or parasites are serious infections that require hospitalization and treatment with intravenous antibiotics. Viral meningitis may be treated with antiviral medication, but in most cases, it resolves without treatment.
Treatment options for meningitis include:
- Intravenous fluids
- Antibiotics for bacterial meningitis
- Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
- Cefotaxime (Claforan)
- Penicillin G (Pfizerpen)
- Vancomycin (Vancocin)
- Ampicillin (Omnipen, Polycillin)
- Gentamicin (Garamycin)
- Antitubercular agents:
- Antiviral medications for viral meningitis:
- Antifungals for fungal meningitis
- Corticosteroid medications for meningitis:
- Medications for nausea:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever
- Narcotic pain medication:
For more information:
Meningitis Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after treatment for meningitis.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- Am I contagious?
- For how long?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- How do I avoid passing the infection to others?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for having this problem again?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat meningitis:
Continue to Meningitis Home Care
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