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Meningitis due to Bacteria Evaluation
- Brudzinski sign:
- Kernig sign:
- Extending the knees with the hips flexed causes pain and muscle spasms
- Meningococcal rash:
- Meningococcal infection may cause a rash that looks like broken blood vessels.
Testing is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of bacterial meningitis.
Tests for bacterial meningitis may include:
- Spinal tap:
- This is the most important test to diagnose meningitis
- Encephalitis or meningitis may cause the spinal fluid to become cloudy
- The fluid can be rapidly tested for the presence of bacteria
- CT scan of the brain
- MRI scan of the brain
- Blood cultures
- Complete blood count
- Serologic tests for certain bacteria, fungi and viruses
Continue to Meningitis due to Bacteria Treatment
PubMed Meningitis due to Bacteria References
- Chavez-Bueno S, McCracken GH Jr. Bacterial meningitis in children. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2005 Jun;52(3):795-810, vii. 
- Kaplan SL: Clinical presentations, diagnosis, and prognostic factors of bacterial meningitis. Infect Dis Clin North Am 1999 Sep; 13(3): 579-94, vi-vii. 
- Pfister HW, Feiden W, Einhaupl KM: Spectrum of complications during bacterial meningitis in adults. Results of a prospective clinical study. Arch Neurol 1993 Jun; 50(6): 575-81. 
- Sigurdardottir B, Bjornsson OM, Jonsdottir KE, et al: Acute bacterial meningitis in adults. A 20-year overview. Arch Intern Med 1997 Feb 24; 157(4): 425-30.