The treatment for a meningioma depends on the type, size, and location of the tumor. Treatment for meningioma usually includes some combination of anticonvulsant medications, oral corticosteroids, radiation therapy, and surgery.
Treatment options for meningioma include:
- Seizure medications:
- Often started prior to surgery and then continued for at least 3 months following surgery.
- Medications to control brain swelling:
- Oral corticosteroids
- Surgery for meningioma
- Removing as much of the tumor as possible
- Radiation therapy for meningioma:
- Exposing cancer cells to radiation can kill them.
- Commonly used with surgery
- Has shown very limited effectiveness
Meningioma Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after treatment for meningioma.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- Will I need physical therapy?
- Will I need occupational therapy?
- Will I need speech therapy?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- Are my children at risk for this condition?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Meningioma Radiation Therapy
Radiation therapy for meningioma uses a highly-focused dose of radiation directed at a small area of the brain tumor. It requires specialized scanning equipment, and 3-dimensional imaging. Another name for this method is a gamma knife.
Gamma knife devices allow doctors to deliver a precise dose of radiation to the tumor, with a minimal effect on surrounding brain tissue.
Complications of radiation therapy may include:
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat a meningioma:
Many meningiomas can be completely removed with surgery. This results in a cure. Some tumors are deeply embedded in the brain and surrounded by vital structures or blood vessels. This makes some tumors impossible to remove without damaging other parts of the brain.
Brain surgery complications include:
- Nerve damage
Continue to Meningioma Home Care
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- Gezen F, Kahraman S, Canakci Z, Beduk A. Review of 36 cases of spinal cord meningioma. Spine. 2000 Mar 15;25(6):727-31. 
- Sheikh BY, Siqueira E, Dayel F. Meningioma in children: a report of nine cases and a review of the literature. Surg Neurol. 1996 Apr;45(4):328-35. 
- Starshak RJ. Radiation-induced meningioma in children: report of two cases and review of the literature. Pediatr Radiol. 1996;26(8):537-41.