Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Megaloblastic Anemia Prevention

Prevention of megaloblastic anemia includes:

  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Make sure you are receiving adequate iron in your diet.
  • Take a vitamin B supplement several times a week if you take medication that reduces stomach acid.

Megaloblastic Anemia Diet

Sources of folic acid:

  • Legumes, nuts, whole grain cereals, yeast
  • Green vegetables, broccoli, asparagus, okra, cauliflower, and brussel sprouts.
  • Oranges, carrots, and cantaloupe.

Sources of B-12
  • Animal products:
    • Meat, eggs, milk
  • Vitamin supplements

Sources of thiamine
  • Dried peas, beans, legumes, peanuts, and peanut butter
  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Nuts
  • Protein-rich foods: meat
  • Wheat germ, whole grain bread and cereal

Continue to Megaloblastic Anemia Outlook

Last Updated: Dec 20, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Megaloblastic Anemia References
  1. Arinzon Z, Fidelman Z, Peisakh A, Adunsky A. Folate status and folate related anemia: a comparative cross-sectional study of long-term care and post-acute care psychogeriatric patients. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2004 Sep-Oct;39(2):133-42. [15249150]
  2. Bain BJ. Diagnosis from the blood smear. N Engl J Med. 2005 Aug 4;353(5):498-507. [16079373]
  3. Bain BJ. Pathogenesis and pathophysiology of anemia in HIV infection. Curr Opin Hematol. 1999 Mar;6(2):89-93. [10088638]
  4. Wickramasinghe SN. The wide spectrum and unresolved issues of megaloblastic anemia. Semin Hematol. 1999 Jan;36(1):3-18. [9930565]
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