Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Megacolon Treatment

One of the goals in the treatment of toxic megacolon is reducing the size of the colon to reduce the risk of intestinal perforation. Other goals include correcting dehydration, replacing electrolytes, and treating any underlying infection. Treatment for toxic megacolon often includes some combination of intravenous fluids, antibiotics, corticosteroid medication, and surgery to remove diseased portions of the colon.

Specific treatment for toxic megacolon may include:

Megacolon Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat toxic megacolon:

Continue to Megacolon Outlook

Last Updated: Jun 9, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Megacolon References
  1. Gan SI, Beck PL. A new look at toxic megacolon: an update and review of incidence, etiology, pathogenesis, and management. Am J Gastroenterol. 2003 Nov;98(11):2363-71. [14638335]
  2. Imbriaco M, Balthazar EJ. Toxic megacolon: role of CT in evaluation and detection of complications. Clin Imaging. 2001 Sep-Oct;25(5):349-54. [11682295]
  3. Pascu M, Muller AR, Wiedenmann B, Dignass AU. Rescue therapy with tacrolimus in a patient with toxic megacolon. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2003 May;18(3):271-5. [12785330]
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