Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Medulloblastoma Overview

What is a medulloblastoma?
A person with medulloblastoma has a growth of abnormal cells in the brain that multiply out of control. These cells can form tumors and spread to other parts of the body. Brain tumors can cause swelling around the brain, causing it to malfunction. About one quarter of brain tumors in children are medulloblastomas. The cause of medulloblastoma is unknown, but genetics may play a role in determining risk.

What are the symptoms of a medulloblastoma?
Symptoms of a medulloblastoma may include chronic headaches, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, confusion, loss of memory, and difficulty walking. Other symptoms include localized numbness or weakness, change in vision, and seizures.

How does the doctor treat a medulloblastoma?
Treatment of a medulloblastoma includes some combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Continue to Medulloblastoma Incidence

Last Updated: Nov 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Medulloblastoma References
  1. Brandes AA, Paris MK. Review of the prognostic factors in medulloblastoma of children and adults. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2004 May;50(2):121-8. [15157661]
  2. Calaminus G, Janssen G, Lenard HG, Bock WJ, Reifenberger G, Schmitt G, Gobel U. Combined therapy of medulloblastoma: review of 46 patients treated in a single institution. Neuropediatrics. 1998 Apr;29(2):102-7. [9638665]
  3. Salvati M, Cervoni L. Medulloblastoma in late adults. Case report and critical review of the literature. J Neurosurg Sci. 2000 Dec;44(4):230-2; discussion 232-3. [11327293]
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