Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms

Medullary Cystic Disease Overview

What is medullary cystic disease?
A person with medullary cystic disease has a hereditary disorder of the kidneys, caused by cysts that form in the center of the kidneys. The cysts prevent the kidneys from working properly. Medullary cystic disease leads to end stage kidney disease and ultimately, kidney failure.

What are the symptoms of medullary cystic disease?
The symptoms of medullary cystic disease include hypotension, increased urination at night, excessive urination, confusion, fatigue, headache, lethargy, nausea, pale skin, seizures, vomiting blood, blood in the stool, and weakness.

How does the doctor treat medullary cystic disease?
There is no cure for medullary cystic disease. The treatment for medullary cystic disease includes medications that help control symptoms and diet changes. As the disease progresses, the kidneys start to fail. In order to remove fluid and waste from the body, a person with kidney failure requires regular kidney dialysis, peritoneal dialysis, or a kidney transplant.

Continue to Medullary Cystic Disease Symptoms

Last Updated: Nov 22, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Medullary Cystic Disease References
  1. Bleyer AJ, Hart TC. Medullary cystic kidney disease type 2. Am J Kidney Dis. 2004 Jun;43(6):1142; author reply 1142-3. [15168406]
  2. Scolari F, Viola BF, Ghiggeri GM, Caridi G, Amoroso A, Rampoldi L, Casari G. Towards the identification of (a) gene(s) for autosomal dominant medullary cystic kidney disease. J Nephrol. 2003 May-Jun;16(3):321-8. [12832729]
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