Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Mediterranean Fever Overview

Another name for Mediterranean Fever is Familial Mediterranean Fever.

What is familial Mediterranean fever?
A person with familial Mediterranean fever has an inherited disorder that causes episodes of fever, along with joint pain, chest pain or abdominal pain. In familial Mediterranean fever the body makes an abnormal protein that causes the immune system to mistakenly attack the lining to the joints, lungs, abdomen, and kidneys. Familial Mediterranean fever is more common in Armenian, Turkish, Arab, and Sephardic Jewish individuals.

What are the symptoms of familial Mediterranean fever?
Symptoms of familial Mediterranean fever come and go. Those who are affected are usually pain-free between attacks of abdominal pain. Other symptoms of familial Mediterranean fever include fever, chest pain, and joint pains.

How does the doctor treat familial Mediterranean fever?
Treatment for familial Mediterranean fever includes colchicine, narcotic pain medications, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain.

Continue to Mediterranean Fever Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 8, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Mediterranean Fever References
  1. Koklu S, Ozturk MA, Balci M, Yuksel O, Ertenli I, Kiraz S. Interferon-gamma levels in familial Mediterranean fever. Joint Bone Spine. 2005 Jan;72(1):38-40. [15681246]
  2. Lidar M, Kedem R, Mor A, Levartovsky D, Langevitz P, Livneh A. Arthritis as the sole episodic manifestation of familial Mediterranean fever. J Rheumatol. 2005 May;32(5):859-62. [15868622]
  3. Orbach H, Ben-Chetrit E. Familial Mediterranean fever - a review and update. Minerva Med. 2001 Dec;92(6):421-30. [11740430]
  4. Simon A, van der Meer JW, Drenth JP. Familial Mediterranean fever--a not so unusual cause of abdominal pain. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2005 Apr;19(2):199-213. [15833688]
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