Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome Overview

What is medial tibial stress syndrome?
A person with medial tibial stress syndrome has strained the tibialis posterior muscle. The tibialis posterior muscle is a large muscle, located in the front of the lower leg. It raises the ankle and turns the ankle inward. Overuse causes the muscle to become irritated and inflamed. Medial tibial stress syndrome is most common in those who run regularly and is more commonly referred to as shin splints.

What are the symptoms of medial tibial stress syndrome?
Symptoms of medial tibial stress syndrome may include leg pain, leg swelling, and leg tenderness that is located next to the shin.

How does the doctor treat medial tibial stress syndrome?
Treatment of medial tibial stress syndrome may include rest, crutches, elevation, cold compresses, stretching exercises, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain.

Continue to Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome Risk Factors

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome References
  1. Francisco AC, Nightingale RW, Guilak F, Glisson RR, Garrett WE Jr. Comparison of soccer shin guards in preventing tibia fracture. Am J Sports Med. 2000 Mar-Apr;28(2):227-33. [10751000]
  2. Jensen A, Dahl S. Stress fracture of the distal tibia and fibula through heavy lifting. Am J Ind Med. 2005 Feb;47(2):181-3. [15662637]
  3. Thacker SB, Gilchrist J, Stroup DF, Kimsey CD. The prevention of shin splints in sports: a systematic review of literature. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Jan;34(1):32-40. [11782644]
  4. Wilder RP, Sethi S. Overuse injuries: tendinopathies, stress fractures, compartment syndrome, and shin splints. Clin Sports Med. 2004 Jan;23(1):55-81, vi. [15062584]
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