Treatment for mastitis depends on the underlying cause. Treatment usually includes antibiotics, warm compresses, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain.
Treatment options for mastitis includes:
- Warm compresses:
- Apply for 20 minutes at a time, 2 to 3 times per day
- Antibiotics for mastitis:
- Ampicillin-sulbactam (Unasyn)
- Clindamycin (Cleocin)
- Vancomycin (Vancocin, Vancoled, Lymphocin)
- Nafcillin (Unipen)
- Dicloxacillin (Dycill, Dynapen)
- Oxacillin (Bactocill, Prostaphlin)
- Acetaminophen for pain
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain:
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, NeoProfen)
- Ketoprofen (Actron, Orudis, Oruvail)
- Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve)
- Narcotic pain medication:
Mastitis Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after treatment for mastitis.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for having this problem again?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat mastitis:
Continue to Mastitis Home Care
- Michie C, Lockie F, Lynn W. The challenge of mastitis. Arch Dis Child. 2003 Sep;88(9):818-21. 
- Norlock FE. Benign breast pain in women: a practical approach to evaluation and treatment. J Am Med Womens Assoc. 2002 Spring;57(2):85-90. 
- Osterman KL, Rahm VA. Lactation mastitis: bacterial cultivation of breast milk, symptoms, treatment, and outcome. J Hum Lact. 2000 Nov;16(4):297-302. 
- Potter B. Women's experiences of managing mastitis. Community Pract. 2005 Jun;78(6):209-12. 
- Wambach KA. Lactation mastitis: a descriptive study of the experience. J Hum Lact. 2003 Feb;19(1):24-34.