Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever Overview

What is Marburg hemorrhagic fever?
A person with Marburg hemorrhagic fever has a life threatening infection caused by the Marburg virus. The virus destroys white blood cells and blood vessels. There have been no reported cases of Marburg fever in the US. Marburg hemorrhagic fever only occurs in Africa.

What are the symptoms of Marburg hemorrhagic fever?
Initial symptoms of Marburg hemorrhagic fever include mild flu symptoms within 7-10 days of exposure, followed by the appearance of a rash. The most common initial symptoms of Marburg hemorrhagic fever include abdominal pain, back pain, body aches, fever, chills, sore throat, joint pains, nausea, vomiting, and rash. By the fifth day, the symptoms become severe very quickly. Symptoms of worsening Marburg fever include vomiting blood, black stool, rectal bleeding, easy bleeding, excessive bruising, and a rash that looks like bruises or broken blood vessels under the skin.

How does the doctor treat Marburg hemorrhagic fever?
There is no cure for Marburg hemorrhagic fever. Treatment for Marburg hemorrhagic fever may include intravenous fluids, blood transfusion, fresh frozen plasma, and pain medications.

Continue to Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever References
  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Outbreak of Marburg virus hemorrhagic fever--Angola, October 1, 2004-March 29, 2005. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2005 Apr 1;54(12):308-9. [15800477]
  2. Drosten C, Gottig S, Schilling S, Asper M, Panning M, Schmitz H, Gunther S. Rapid detection and quantification of RNA of Ebola and Marburg viruses, Lassa virus, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Rift Valley fever virus, dengue virus, and yellow fever virus by real-time reverse transcription-PCR. J Clin Microbiol. 2002 Jul;40(7):2323-30. [12089242]
  3. Salvaggio MR, Baddley JW. Other viral bioweapons: Ebola and Marburg hemorrhagic fever. Dermatol Clin. 2004 Jul;22(3):291-302, vi. [15207310]
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