Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Evaluation biopsy mammography Treatment questions for doctor Home Care pain and inflammation warning signs Underlying Cause Anatomy

Mammary Duct Ectasia Underlying Cause

Causes of mammary duct ectasia include:

  • Infection
  • Hormone changes
  • Smoking
  • Inverted nipple

Continue to Mammary Duct Ectasia Anatomy

Last Updated: Mar 26, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Mammary Duct Ectasia References
  1. Kitahara S, Wakabayashi M, Shiba T, Nonaka K, Nonaka H, Kobayashi I. Mammary duct ectasia in children presenting bloody nipple discharge: a case in a pubertal girl. J Pediatr Surg. 2001 Jun;36(6):E2. [11381445]
  2. Leung AK, Kao CP. Mammary duct ectasia: a cause of bloody nipple discharge. J Natl Med Assoc. 2004 Apr;96(4):543-5. [15101674]
  3. Sakorafas GH. Nipple discharge: current diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. Cancer Treat Rev. 2001 Oct;27(5):275-82. [11871863]
  4. Weimann E. Clinical management of nipple discharge in neonates and children. J Paediatr Child Health. 2003 Mar;39(2):155-6. [12603810]
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