Treatment for malaria usually includes antibiotics, specific anti-malarial drugs, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever.
Anti-malarial drug selection depends on the type of the malaria infection. P falciparum is commonly resistant to treatment with chloroquine. Resistance is rare in P vivax infection, and P ovale and P malariae remain sensitive to chloroquine. Primaquine is required in the treatment of P ovale and P vivax infections in order to eliminate the hypnozoite stage, during which the liver is infected.
Treatment options for malaria include:
- Acetaminophen for fever
- Ibuprofen for fever
- Medications for malaria:
- Artemether (Artenam)
- Atovaquone (Mepron)
- Chloroquine (Aralen, Aralen Phosphate)
- Clindamycin (Cleocin HCl, Cleocin T)
- Doxycycline (Vibramycin, Vibra-Tabs, Doryx)
- Atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone)
- Artemether and lumefantrine (Coartem)
- Halofantrine (Halfan)
- Mefloquine (Lariam)
- Pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine (Fansidar)
- Proguanil (Paludrine)
- Quinine sulfate (Formula Q)
Malaria Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after treatment for malaria.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- Am I contagious?
- For how long?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Continue to Malaria Home Care
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