Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms types Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care pain and fever adults pain and fever children warning signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Transmission

Malaria Treatment

Treatment for malaria usually includes antibiotics, specific anti-malarial drugs, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever.

Anti-malarial drug selection depends on the type of the malaria infection. P falciparum is commonly resistant to treatment with chloroquine. Resistance is rare in P vivax infection, and P ovale and P malariae remain sensitive to chloroquine. Primaquine is required in the treatment of P ovale and P vivax infections in order to eliminate the hypnozoite stage, during which the liver is infected.

Treatment options for malaria include:

Malaria Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after treatment for malaria.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • Do I need to stay in the hospital?
    • How long will I be in the hospital?
  • Am I contagious?
    • For how long?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Do I need to change my diet?
  • Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
  • When can I resume my normal activities?
  • When can I return to work?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

Malaria Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat malaria:

Continue to Malaria Home Care

Last Updated: Nov 10, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Malaria References
  1. Kent DM, Mwamburi DM, Bennish ML, Kupelnick B, Ioannidis JP. Clinical trials in sub-Saharan Africa and established standards of care: a systematic review of HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria trials. JAMA. 2004 Jul 14;292(2):237-42. [15249573]
  2. Schlagenhauf P. Mefloquine for malaria chemoprophylaxis 1992-1998: a review. J Travel Med. 1999 Jun;6(2):122-33. [10381965]
  3. Stoppacher R, Adams SP. Malaria deaths in the United States: case report and review of deaths, 1979-1998. J Forensic Sci. 2003 Mar;48(2):404-8. [12665001]
  4. Trampuz A, Jereb M, Muzlovic I, Prabhu RM. Clinical review: Severe malaria. Crit Care. 2003 Aug;7(4):315-23. [12930555]
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