Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms types Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care pain and fever adults pain and fever children warning signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Transmission
Facts about malaria:
- Infection in humans starts after a bite from an infected Anopheles mosquito, which carries the malaria parasites.
- The parasites are released into the bloodstream, where they infect red blood cells.
- After the initial infection, malaria organisms multiply quickly within red blood cells.
- Swollen red cells will release merozoites, which can then invade other red blood cells and repeat the process.
- The illness may occur 3 days to months after the bite.
- Rarely, malaria is spread by a blood transfusion, or from a mother to her fetus.
PubMed Malaria References
- Kent DM, Mwamburi DM, Bennish ML, Kupelnick B, Ioannidis JP. Clinical trials in sub-Saharan Africa and established standards of care: a systematic review of HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria trials. JAMA. 2004 Jul 14;292(2):237-42. 
- Schlagenhauf P. Mefloquine for malaria chemoprophylaxis 1992-1998: a review. J Travel Med. 1999 Jun;6(2):122-33. 
- Stoppacher R, Adams SP. Malaria deaths in the United States: case report and review of deaths, 1979-1998. J Forensic Sci. 2003 Mar;48(2):404-8. 
- Trampuz A, Jereb M, Muzlovic I, Prabhu RM. Clinical review: Severe malaria. Crit Care. 2003 Aug;7(4):315-23.