Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Malaria Overview

What is malaria?
A person with malaria is infected with the parasite, Plasmodium. The parasite is transmitted to humans by the bite of an Anopheles mosquito. These mosquitoes are present in tropical and subtropical climates. Malaria can cause death if it is not treated early. Worldwide, over 300 million people have malaria each year. About 1.5 million people die from this disease each year.

What are the symptoms of malaria?
Initial symptoms of malaria include fever, chills, headache, muscle aches and fatigue. Symptoms of worsening malaria include pale skin, diarrhea, jaundice, brown urine, vomiting, swelling, abdominal pain, confusion, lethargy, and seizures.

How does the doctor treat malaria?
Treatment for malaria includes antibiotics, specific anti-malarial drugs, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever.

Continue to Malaria Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 19, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Malaria References
  1. Kent DM, Mwamburi DM, Bennish ML, Kupelnick B, Ioannidis JP. Clinical trials in sub-Saharan Africa and established standards of care: a systematic review of HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria trials. JAMA. 2004 Jul 14;292(2):237-42. [15249573]
  2. Schlagenhauf P. Mefloquine for malaria chemoprophylaxis 1992-1998: a review. J Travel Med. 1999 Jun;6(2):122-33. [10381965]
  3. Stoppacher R, Adams SP. Malaria deaths in the United States: case report and review of deaths, 1979-1998. J Forensic Sci. 2003 Mar;48(2):404-8. [12665001]
  4. Trampuz A, Jereb M, Muzlovic I, Prabhu RM. Clinical review: Severe malaria. Crit Care. 2003 Aug;7(4):315-23. [12930555]
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