Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Major Depressive Disorder Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy for Depression
Psychotherapy includes a number of different counseling approaches. Some forms of depression respond to counseling as well as drug therapy, but without the risks of side effects present with drug treatment. There are three main forms of psychological therapy.

Interpersonal Therapy
This is a form of therapy that concentrates on interpersonal relationships. Treatment helps the patient to understand their feelings about their relationships and find ways to cope with them.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
This is a form of counseling that focuses on helping people recognize and change negative thinking and turn it into positive thoughts.

Psychodynamic Therapy
Therapy focuses on resolving deep internal conflicts that depressed people may have carried from childhood to adulthood.

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Last Updated: Dec 20, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Major Depressive Disorder References
  1. Badamgarav E, Weingarten SR, Henning JM, Knight K, Hasselblad V, Gano A Jr, Ofman JJ. Effectiveness of disease management programs in depression: a systematic review. Am J Psychiatry. 2003 Dec;160(12):2080-90. [14638573]
  2. Bair MJ, Robinson RL, Katon W, Kroenke K. Depression and pain comorbidity: a literature review. Arch Intern Med. 2003 Nov 10;163(20):2433-45. [14609780]
  3. Barrett B, Byford S, Knapp M. Evidence of cost-effective treatments for depression: a systematic review. J Affect Disord. 2005 Jan;84(1):1-13. [15620380]
  4. Neumeyer-Gromen A, Lampert T, Stark K, Kallischnigg G. Disease management programs for depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Med Care. 2004 Dec;42(12):1211-21. [15550801]
  5. Remick RA. Diagnosis and management of depression in primary care: a clinical update and review. CMAJ. 2002 Nov 26;167(11):1253-60. [1245108]
  6. Wulsin LR. Is depression a major risk factor for coronary disease? A systematic review of the epidemiologic evidence. Harv Rev Psychiatry. 2004 Mar-Apr;12(2):79-93. [15204803]
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