Major Depressive Disorder Overview
Another name for Major Depressive Disorder is Major Depression.
What is major depression?
Major depression is the most serious kind of depression. It is characterized by a constant depressed mood and loss of interest in all activities that lasts for at least two weeks. A person with depression has prolonged feelings of intense sadness of grief that interfere with a person's ability to carry out normal activities. The exact cause of depression is unknown. The brain makes chemicals, called neurotransmitters, which relay messages between brain cells. Those who have depression tend to have abnormal levels of certain neurotransmitters in the brain.
What are the symptoms of major depression?
Common symptoms of major depression include difficulty sleeping, hopelessness, irritability, decreased enjoyment from usual activities, and self-disappointment. Other symptoms include anxiety, anorexia, weight loss, fatigue, guilt, and difficulty concentrating. Severe depression may be accompanied by suicidal thoughts.
How does the doctor treat major depression?
Treatment of major depression includes mental health counseling, support group, and medications. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), selective serotonin and norepinephrine uptake inhibitors (SSNRI) and tricyclic antidepressants are the most commonly prescribed medications to treat major depression.
Continue to Major Depressive Disorder Symptoms
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