Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Lymphocytic Thyroiditis Anatomy

To better understand lymphocytic thyroiditis, it helps to understand the anatomy of the thyroid gland.

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped organ located in the neck, next to the Adam's apple.

The thyroid gland is responsible for regulating the body's metabolism. The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones, which stimulate metabolism. Thyroid hormones are normally present in the bloodstream in tiny quantities. Too much thyroid hormone in the bloodstream is called hyperthyroidism. When there is too little, the condition is referred to as hypothyroidism.

Inflammation or over-activity of the thyroid gland can cause swelling or goiter.

Last Updated: Nov 4, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Lymphocytic Thyroiditis References
  1. Ogawa E, Katsushima Y, Fujiwara I, Iinuma K. Subacute thyroiditis in children: patient report and review of the literature. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Jul-Aug;16(6):897-900. [12948304]
  2. Punzi L, Sfriso P, Pianon M, Schiavon F, Ramonda R, Cozzi F, Todesco S. Clinical manifestations and outcome of polyarthralgia associated with chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2002 Aug;32(1):51-5. [12219320]
  3. Tamimi DM. The association between chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis and thyroid tumors. Int J Surg Pathol. 2002 Apr;10(2):141-6. [12075407]
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