Lymph Node Cancer Anatomy
To better understand lymphoma, it helps to understand the anatomy of the lymphatic system.
The lymphatic system consists of a network of lymph vessels and lymph nodes throughout the body. The system transports a type of white blood cell, called lymphocytes. These cells play a role in fighting infection.
There are two main types of lymphocytes:
- B lymphocytes
- T lymphocytes
The lymphatic system performs two major functions:
- Stores and transports cells that fight infection
- Removes excess fluid from body tissues
The lymphatic system consists of:
- Lymph vessels:
- A network of vessels throughout the body that transport white blood cells called lymphocytes.
- There are two main types of lymphocytes: B-cells and T-cells.
- Lymph glands:
- The lymph vessels connect in many areas known as lymph nodes.
- The nodes act as filters to fight infection in the body.
- Lymph nodes can enlarge in response to inflammation.
- This can occur due to cancer or an infection nearby the lymph vessels.
- Areas of lymph nodes in the body
- Areas in the body where lymph nodes can be felt
- Abnormal lymph node cells due to Hodgkin's disease
- Lymphatic system around the armpit and breast
- Lymphatic system in the abdomen
- Berdeja JG. Immunotherapy of lymphoma: update and review of the literature. Curr Opin Oncol. 2003 Sep;15(5):363-70. 
- Kelly JJ, Karcher DS. Lymphoma and peripheral neuropathy: a clinical review. Muscle Nerve. 2005 Mar;31(3):301-13. 
- Martin-Duverneuil N, Mokhtari K, et al. Intravascular malignant lymphomatosis. Neuroradiology. 2002 Sep;44(9):749-54. 
- Mo JQ, Dimashkieh H, Mallery SR, Swerdlow SH, Bove KE. MALT Lymphoma in Children: Case Report and Review of the Literature. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2004 Jul-Aug;7(4):407-13. 
- Spagnolo DV, Ellis DW, Juneja S, Leong AS, Miliauskas J, Norris DL, Turner J. The role of molecular studies in lymphoma diagnosis: a review. Pathology. 2004 Feb;36(1):19-44. 
- Yamanaka R, Tanaka R. Advances for the treatment of primary central nervous system lymphoma (review). Oncol Rep. 2004 Sep;12(3):563-8.