Lyme Disease Prevention
Prevention of Lyme disease includes:
- Avoid wooded areas where deer ticks live.
- Wear long sleeve shirts and pants, and a hat.
- Wear insect repellent clothing.
- Use tick repellents on clothing and exposed skin.
- Tick repellents that contain DEET
- Tick repellents that contain permethrin
- Check your skin and clothing for ticks after being outdoors.
- Shower after going into the woods.
- See your doctor within 4 hours if you are unable to completely remove a tick from the skin.
- Treat pets for fleas and ticks.
Lyme Disease Tick Removal
A tick must be removed from the skin in order to prevent Lyme disease. Ticks usually require about 36 hours of attachment to the skin, in order to transmit bacteria from their bodies.
A tick can be removed safely by performing the following:
- Grasp the neck or head of the tick with tweezers. Do not squeeze the body.
- Pull slowly, and straight out. Do not twist the head.
- Remove remaining mouth parts by cleaning with alcohol and scraping with a knife or blade or a sterile needle.
- Clean the wound with soap and water.
- Apply an antibiotic ointment.
- See a doctor within 24 hours if you cannot remove a tick.
Continue to Lyme Disease Outlook
- Loewen PS, Marra CA, Marra F. Systematic review of the treatment of early Lyme disease. Drugs. 1999 Feb;57(2):157-73. 
- Nagi KS, Joshi R, Thakur RK. Cardiac manifestations of Lyme disease: a review. Can J Cardiol. 1996 May;12(5):503-6. 
- Poland GA. Prevention of Lyme disease: a review of the evidence. Mayo Clin Proc. 2001 Jul;76(7):713-24.