Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding Overview

What is lower gastrointestinal bleeding?
A person with lower gastrointestinal bleeding has bleeding from the small intestine, colon or rectum. The most common causes for lower intestinal bleeding include hemorrhoids, gastroenteritis, and diverticulitis.

What are the symptoms of lower gastrointestinal bleeding?
Symptoms of lower gastrointestinal bleeding include red stools, maroon stools, black stool, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, pale skin, weakness, faintness, palpitations, and a rapid pulse.

How does the doctor treat lower gastrointestinal bleeding?
Treatment for lower gastrointestinal bleeding depends on the underlying cause. Treatment may include a blood transfusion, vitamin supplements, iron supplements, and medication. In some cases, colonoscopy or surgery may be required, in order to stop bleeding within the large intestine.

Continue to Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding Symptoms

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding References
  1. Farrell JJ, Friedman LS. Review article: the management of lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2005 Jun 1;21(11):1281-98. [15932359]
  2. Hernandez-Diaz S, Rodriguez LA. Incidence of serious upper gastrointestinal bleeding/perforation in the general population: review of epidemiologic studies. J Clin Epidemiol. 2002 Feb;55(2):157-63. [11809354]
  3. Khuroo MS, Khuroo MS, Farahat KL, Kagevi IE. Treatment with proton pump inhibitors in acute non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding: a meta-analysis. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2005 Jan;20(1):11-25. [15610441]
  4. Lewis B, Goldfarb N. Review article: The advent of capsule endoscopy--a not-so-futuristic approach to obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2003 May 1;17(9):1085-96. [12752345]
  5. Olds GD, Cooper GS, Chak A, Sivak MV Jr, Chitale AA, Wong RC. The yield of bleeding scans in acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2005 Apr;39(4):273-7. [15758618]
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