Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Low Glucose Treatment

Treatment of hypoglycemia depends on the severity. The initial treatment for mild hypoglycemia includes sugar containing food or juice, or a high carbohydrate snack. Treatment for severe hypoglycemia may include intravenous glucose or glucagon injection.

Treatment options for mild hypoglycemia includes:

  • Drinking liquid that contains sugar
  • High-carbohydrate snack

Treatment options for severe hypoglycemia, such as those who are confused or unconscious includes:
  • Intravenous glucose for hypoglycemia
  • Injection of glucagon for hypoglycemia

After the glucose level is increased, a person should receive a meal rich in carbohydrates, protein, and fat.

Further treatment of hypoglycemia depends on the cause.

Low Glucose Diabetes Related

Treatment for hypoglycemia in those with diabetes includes:

  • Drinking liquid that contains sugar
  • High-carbohydrate snack

Treatment for hypoglycemia in those who are confused or unconscious includes:
  • Intravenous glucose for hypoglycemia
  • Injection of glucagon for hypoglycemia

Low Glucose Exertional Hypoglycemia

Treatment for exertional hypoglycemia includes:

  • Eating a sugary snack or drink before exercise
  • Frequent, small meals during long periods of physical exertion

Low Glucose Idiopathic Hypoglycemia

Treatment for idiopathic hypoglycemia includes:

  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Avoid sugary food
  • Eat small snacks before exercise
  • Eat small, frequent meals

Low Glucose Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of hypoglycemia.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Do I need to change my diet?
  • Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
  • When can I resume my normal activities?
  • When can I return to work?
  • Do I need a special exercise program?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

Low Glucose Reactive Hypoglycemia

Treatment for reactive hypoglycemia includes:

  • Eat small snacks before exercise
  • Eat small, frequent meals

Low Glucose Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat hypoglycemia:

Continue to Low Glucose Home Care

Last Updated: Dec 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Low Glucose References
  1. Brun JF, Fedou C, Mercier J. Postprandial reactive hypoglycemia. Diabetes Metab. 2000 Nov;26(5):337-51. [11119013]
  2. Cox DJ, Gonder-Frederick LA, Kovatchev BP, Clarke WL. Self-treatment of hypoglycemia while driving. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2001 Oct;54(1):17-26. [11532326]
  3. Herbel G, Boyle PJ. Hypoglycemia. Pathophysiology and treatment. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2000 Dec;29(4):725-43. [11149159]
  4. Murata GH, Duckworth WC, Hoffman RM, Wendel CS, Mohler MJ, Shah JH. Hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetes: a critical review. Biomed Pharmacother. 2004 Dec;58(10):551-9. [15589062]
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