Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Liver Injury Anatomy

To better understand liver injury, it helps to understand the anatomy of the liver.

The liver is located in the upper right abdomen. It is one of the largest organs in the body.

Functions of the liver include:

  • Helps convert food into energy
  • Helps digest food
  • Removes toxins, such as alcohol, from the blood
  • Regulates blood clotting
  • Stores energy
  • Stores iron

Anatomy examples:
  • Location of the liver in the abdomen
  • Liver, gallbladder and bile ducts
  • Front view of liver
  • Bottom view of liver

Any significant blunt injury to the flank, back, or right lower chest may damage this organ.

Last Updated: Nov 4, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Liver Injury References
  1. Gonzalez RP, Han M, Turk B, Luterman A. Screening for abdominal injury prior to emergent extra-abdominal trauma surgery: a prospective study. J Trauma. 2004 Oct;57(4):739-41. [15514526]
  2. Keller MS. Blunt injury to solid abdominal organs. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2004 May;13(2):106-11. [15362280]
  3. Poletti PA, Mirvis SE, Shanmuganathan K, Takada T, Killeen KL, Perlmutter D, Hahn J, Mermillod B. Blunt abdominal trauma patients: can organ injury be excluded without performing computed tomography? J Trauma. 2004 Nov;57(5):1072-81. [15580035]
  4. Sato M, Yoshii H. Reevaluation of ultrasonography for solid-organ injury in blunt abdominal trauma. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 Dec;23(12):1583-96. [1555730]
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