What is leptospirosis?
Leptospirosis is a rare infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira. Leptospirosis can lead to kidney disease, liver disease, and a form of bacterial meningitis. A blood test or urine test is required to diagnose this disease. Outbreaks can occur following exposure to the bacteria through infected drinking water.
What are the symptoms of leptospirosis?
Leptospirosis can cause a wide range of symptoms, but some infected persons may have no symptoms at all. Symptoms of leptospirosis include high fever, severe headache, chills, muscle aches, and vomiting, and may include jaundice (yellow skin and eyes), red eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rash.
How does the doctor treat leptospirosis?
Leptospirosis must be treated with antibiotics, such as doxycycline or penicillin. Sicker patients may need to be treated with intravenous antibiotics in the hospital.
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