Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Leishmaniasis Transmission

Facts about leishmaniasis:

  • Leishmaniasis is most prominent in mammals.
  • The infection is transmitted to humans through the bite of female sandflies.
  • It is most common in the Middle East, Central America and South America, where conditions are favorable for the sandfly.
  • Symptoms do not occur until after 2- 24 months after infection.

Continue to Leishmaniasis Types

Last Updated: Mar 24, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Leishmaniasis References
  1. del Giudice P, Marty P, Lacour JP, Perrin C, Pratlong F, Haas H, Dellamonica P, Le Fichoux Y. Cutaneous leishmaniasis due to Leishmania infantum. Case reports and literature review. Arch Dermatol. 1998 Feb;134(2):193-8. [9487211]
  2. Marty P, Rosenthal E. Treatment of visceral leishmaniasis: a review of current treatment practices. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2002 Aug;3(8):1101-8. [12150689]
  3. Paredes R, Laguna F, Clotet B. Leishmaniasis in HIV-infected persons: a review. J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care. 1997 Jun;3(6):22-39. [11364428]
  4. Reithinger R, Davies CR. Is the domestic dog (Canis familiaris) a reservoir host of American cutaneous leishmaniasis? A critical review of the current evidence. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1999 Oct;61(4):530-41. [10548285]
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