LDL Elevation Evaluation
- Small fatty tumors on the skin surface.
Tests that may be used to evaluate high cholesterol include:
LDL Elevation Serum Cholesterol
|Relative Heart Risk||Total Cholesterol (mg/dL)|
|Very Low Risk||150|
|High Risk||greater than 300|
LDL Elevation Serum HDL
High levels of HDL cholesterol seems to provide protection from damage to the arteries. An HDL over 35 mg/dL lowers the risk of heart disease. However, an HDL less than 35 mg/dL increases risk for heart disease.
Cardiovascular Risk by HDL Levels
|Very Low Risk||65||75|
|High Risk||under 25||under 40|
Cardiovascular Risk by Total Cholesterol to HDL Ratio
|Very Low Risk||3.4||3.3|
|High Risk||over 23||over 11|
LDL Elevation Serum LDL
High LDL cholesterol increases the risk of damage to the arteries that leads to heart disease. An ideal LDL level is less than 130 mg/dl. A mildly elevated LDL is between 130 and 159 mg/dL. A high LDL is over 160 mg/dL.
|Relative Heart Risk||LDL Level (mg/dL)||Comments|
|Low Risk||< 100||Desirable|
|Average Risk||100 to 129||Near optimal / Above optimal|
|Moderate Risk||130 to 159||Borderline High|
|High Risk||160 to 189||High|
|Very High Risk||190+||Very high|
Continue to LDL Elevation Treatment
- Borghi C, Veronesi M, Bacchelli S, Esposti DD, Cosentino E, Ambrosioni E. Serum cholesterol levels, blood pressure response to stress and incidence of stable hypertension in young subjects with high normal blood pressure. J Hypertens. 2004 Feb;22(2):265-72. 
- Morgan JM, Capuzzi DM. Hypercholesterolemia. The NCEP Adult Treatment Panel III Guidelines. Geriatrics. 2003 Aug;58(8):33-8. 
- Schatz IJ, Masaki K, Yano K, Chen R, Rodriguez BL, Curb JD. Cholesterol and all-cause mortality in elderly people from the Honolulu Heart Program: a cohort study. Lancet. 2001 Aug 4;358(9279):351-5.