Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Anatomy

Laryngeal Polyps Anatomy

To better understand laryngeal polyps, it help to understand the anatomy of the larynx.

The larynx is part of the upper airway. It begins at the lower pharynx, and extends down to the trachea.

Functions of the larynx include:

  • Maintain an open airway
  • Produce the voice
  • Protect the lungs

The larynx consists of:
  • Epiglottis
  • Vocal cords
  • Subglottic area
  • Thyroid cartilage

Larynx examples:
  • Rear view of larynx
  • Top view of epiglottis with x-ray of enlarged epiglottis
  • Normal pharynx in adult
  • Normal pharynx and epiglottis in child

Last Updated: Dec 1, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Laryngeal Polyps References
  1. Altman KW. Vocal fold masses. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2007 Oct;40(5):1091-108, viii. [17765697]
  2. Johns MM. Update on the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of vocal fold nodules, polyps, and cysts. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003 Dec;11(6):456-61. [14631179]
  3. Wohl DL. Nonsurgical management of pediatric vocal fold nodules. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Jan;131(1):68-70; discussion 71-2. [15655190]
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