Knee Sprain MCL Treatment
The treatment for a medial collateral knee injury varies with the severity of the ligament injury. Most of these injuries heal without surgery. Some grade 3 sprains may require surgery.
Treatment of an acute knee sprain usually includes cold compresses, rest, elevation, crutches, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain. Some may benefit from an elastic wrap, splint, or surgery.
Treatment options for medial collateral knee injury include:
- Cold compresses
- Use a walker.
- Use crutches.
- Use a cane.
- Elevate the ankle and knee
- Apply an elastic wrap to the knee.
- Apply a knee brace or hinged splint.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain:
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, NeoProfen)
- Ketoprofen (Actron, Orudis, Oruvail)
- Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve)
- Narcotic pain medication:
- Surgery for knee sprain:
- Physical therapy for knee sprain
Knee Sprain MCL Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after treatment for a medial collateral knee injury.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- Will I need physical therapy?
- Will I need occupational therapy?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for having this injury again?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Knee Sprain MCL Specialist
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- Beynnon BD, Johnson RJ, Abate JA, Fleming BC, Nichols CE. Treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injuries, part I. Am J Sports Med. 2005 Oct;33(10):1579-602. 
- Boutin RD, Fritz RC. MRI of snow skiing and snowboarding injuries. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2005 Dec;9(4):360-78.