Kidney Cancer Treatment
Treatment for renal cell carcinoma depends on the stage (extent of spread) of the cancer. Treatment usually includes some combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy, and surgery.
Treatment options for renal cell carcinoma include:
- Surgery for renal cell carcinoma:
- Removal of the tumor
- Radical nephrectomy: removal of the kidney
- Chemotherapy for renal cell carcinoma:
- Medications are used to kill cancer cells
- Aldesleukin (Proleukin)
- Vinblastine (Velban, Alkaban-AQ)
- Gemcitabine (Gemzar)
- 5-fluorouracil (Adrucil)
- Sorafenib (Nexavar)
- Sunitinib (Sutent)
- Temsirolimus (Torisel)
- Everolimus (Afinitor)
- Pazopanib (Votrient)
- Radiation therapy for renal cell carcinoma:
- Cancer cells are killed by exposing them to radiation
- Hormonal therapy:
- Medications for nausea and vomiting include:
Kidney Cancer Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of renal cell carcinoma.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for this cancer to return?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Kidney Cancer Specialist
Kidney Cancer Vaccine
A vaccine, made from a patient's own cancer cells, may be able to fight advanced renal cell carcinoma.
Cancer vaccines work by triggering the body's immune system, which normally fights infection. The vaccine helps the immune system recognize chemicals that are only present on cancer cells. If the immune system recognizes these chemical as abnormal, then the immune system can kill the cancer cells.
Continue to Kidney Cancer Home Care
- Amato RJ. Renal cell carcinoma: review of novel single-agent therapeutics and combination regimens. Ann Oncol. 2005 Jan;16(1):7-15. 
- Baird AD, Woolfenden KA, Desmond AD, Fordham MV, Parsons KF. Outcome and survival with nonsurgical management of renal cell carcinoma. BJU Int. 2003 May;91(7):600-2. 
- Nassir A, Jollimore J, Gupta R, Bell D, Norman R. Multilocular cystic renal cell carcinoma: a series of 12 cases and review of the literature. Urology. 2002 Sep;60(3):421-7.