Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Kaposi's Sarcoma Overview

What is Kaposi's sarcoma?
A person with Kaposi's sarcoma has cells in the skin and soft tissues that multiply out of control. These cells form tumors and spread to other parts of the body. Kaposi's sarcoma occurs in those who have AIDS. Treatment for HIV infection may delay the onset of Kaposi's sarcoma.

What are the symptoms of Kaposi's sarcoma?
Symptoms of Kaposi's sarcoma include brown, pink, red or purple tumors on the skin. The tumors may also be present in the mouth. Other symptoms include abdominal pain, blood in the stool, black stool, chest pain, coughing up blood, difficulty breathing, fatigue, and leg swelling.

How does the doctor treat Kaposi's sarcoma?
Treatment for Kaposi's sarcoma skin tumors includes highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), in order to control the HIV infection. Additional treatment for Kaposi's sarcoma may include cryotherapy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, interferon, and topical medications.

Continue to Kaposi's Sarcoma Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Kaposi's Sarcoma References
  1. Aversa SM, Cattelan AM, Salvagno L, Crivellari G, Banna G, Trevenzoli M, Chiarion-Sileni V, Monfardini S. Treatments of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2005 Mar;53(3):253-65. [15718150]
  2. Barillari G, Sgadari C, Toschi E, Monini P, Ensoli B. HIV protease inhibitors as new treatment options for Kaposi's sarcoma. Drug Resist Updat. 2003 Aug;6(4):173-81. [12962683]
  3. Dittmer DP, Vahrson W, Staudt M, Hilscher C, Fakhari FD. Kaposi's sarcoma in the era of HAART-an update on mechanisms, diagnostics and treatment. AIDS Rev. 2005 Jan-Mar;7(1):56-61. [15875661]
  4. Gallafent JH, Buskin SE, De Turk PB, Aboulafia DM. Profile of patients with Kaposi's sarcoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Clin Oncol. 2005 Feb 20;23(6):1253-60. [15718323]
  5. Schwartz RA. Kaposi's sarcoma: an update. J Surg Oncol. 2004 Sep 1;87(3):146-51. [15334644]
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