Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care pain in adults pain in children using a cane using a walker using crutches warning signs Underlying Cause Anatomy

Joint Pains Anatomy

To better understand joint pains, it helps to understand the anatomy of the joints.

A joint is a union between two bones. The joint allows the ends of the bones to move against one another. The surface of the bones inside a joint are covered by a slippery lining, called cartilage, which is slightly softer than bone. The cartilage is lubricated by a thick, slippery fluid, called synovial fluid. The joint capsule forms a wall around the joint by attaching to the bone above and below the joint. Ligaments prevent the bones from coming apart and tendons allow the muscles to move the bones that make up the joint.


Last Updated: Nov 5, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Joint Pains References
  1. Creamer P. Current perspectives on the clinical presentation of joint pain in human OA. Novartis Found Symp. 2004;260:64-74. [15283444]
  2. Donald IP, Foy C. A longitudinal study of joint pain in older people. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2004 Oct;43(10):1256-60. [15252209]
  3. Dreyfuss P, Dreyer SJ, Cole A, Mayo K. Sacroiliac joint pain. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2004 Jul-Aug;12(4):255-65. [15473677]
  4. Palmer T, Toombs JD. Managing joint pain in primary care. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2004 Nov-Dec;17 Suppl:S32-42. [15575028]
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