Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Japanese Encephalitis Underlying Cause

Japanese encephalitis is caused by a flavivirus that is transmitted from animals to humans through the bite of a mosquito. After infection, the virus may or may not cause illness. Rarely, the virus causes inflammation of the brain, called encephalitis, which can cause severe symptoms.

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Last Updated: Mar 23, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Japanese Encephalitis References
  1. Debiasi RL, Tyler KL. Molecular methods for diagnosis of viral encephalitis. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2004 Oct;17(4):903-25, table of contents. [15489354]
  2. Gould EA, Higgs S, Buckley A, Gritsun TS. Potential arbovirus emergence and implications for the United Kingdom. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Apr;12(4):549-55. [16704800]
  3. Kennedy PG. Viral encephalitis: causes, differential diagnosis, and management. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Mar;75 Suppl 1:i10-5. [14978145]
  4. Vernet G. Diagnosis of zoonotic viral encephalitis. Arch Virol Suppl. 2004;(18):231-44. [15119778]
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