Ischemic Bowel Disease Underlying Cause
Ischemic bowel disease is caused by decreased blood flow through the arteries that supply blood to the intestines.
The arteries become narrowed by a process known as atherosclerosis, which is also called hardening of the arteries.
The process of atherosclerosis includes:
- The inner wall of the artery becomes damaged by changes in blood flow, infection, smoking, diabetes, or high blood pressure.
- As the wall or the artery attempts to repair itself, cholesterol builds up on the inside surface of the artery, forming a plaque.
- Plaques narrow the inside of the arteries, which reduces blood flow.
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