Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Interstitial Nephritis Anatomy

To better understand acute interstitial nephritis, it helps to understand the anatomy of the kidneys.

The kidneys are located in the back of the abdomen, below the ribcage and on either side of the spine. Each kidney weighs about 1/4 pound (0.6 kg) and is about the size of a fist. The kidneys filter waste from the bloodstream and produce urine. The kidneys also regulate the salt and water balance for the body.


  • Kidney
  • Kidney cross section
  • Kidney cross section close-up
  • Kidney collecting system
  • Genitourinary system

Continue to Interstitial Nephritis Physiology

Last Updated: Nov 1, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Interstitial Nephritis References
  1. Esteve JB, Launay-Vacher V, Brocheriou I, Grimaldi A, Izzedine H. COX-2 inhibitors and acute interstitial nephritis: case report and review of the literature. Clin Nephrol. 2005 May;63(5):385-9. [15909599]
  2. Evenepoel P. Acute toxic renal failure. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2004 Mar;18(1):37-52. [14760873]
  3. Kodner CM, Kudrimoti A. Diagnosis and management of acute interstitial nephritis. Am Fam Physician. 2003 Jun 15;67(12):2527-34. [1282584]
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