Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Insecticide Inhalation Evaluation

The evaluation of insecticide inhalation begins with a history and physical examination.

Physical findings in someone with a severe insecticide inhalation include:

  • Confusion
  • Coma
  • Cyanosis
  • Fever
  • Increased breathing rate
  • Abnormal lung sounds:
    • During examination with a stethoscope
  • Redness in the nose, mouth or throat
  • Wheezing
  • Signs of severe difficulty breathing:
    • Rib retractions: ribs are visible during each breath
    • Nasal flaring: nostrils open wide during each breath
    • Use of accessory muscles: neck muscles are prominent during each breath

Tests that may be used to evaluate an insecticide inhalation include:

Continue to Insecticide Inhalation Treatment

Last Updated: Dec 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Insecticide Inhalation References
  1. Bradberry SM, Cage SA, Proudfoot AT, Vale JA. Poisoning due to pyrethroids. Toxicol Rev. 2005;24(2):93-106. [16180929]
  2. Pauluhn J. Overview of inhalation exposure techniques: strengths and weaknesses. Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2005 Jul;57 Suppl 1:111-28. [16092719]
  3. Spencer J, O'Malley M. Pyrethroid illnesses in California, 1996-2002. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. 2006;186:57-72. [16676901]
  4. Walker B Jr, Nidiry J. Current concepts: organophosphate toxicity. Inhal Toxicol. 2002 Sep;14(9):975-90. [12396406]
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