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Injury of the Bladder Evaluation
- Blood in the urine
- Abdominal tenderness: A person with a minor bladder injury may have little or no abdominal tenderness on examination.
- More severely injured people may have rigidity of the abdominal muscles and abdominal distention.
- Bruising to the abdomen
Additional tests may be required to evaluate the severity of a bladder injury.
Tests for bladder injury may include:
- Complete blood count
- Serum amylase
- Serum lipase
- Liver profile
- Kidney profile
- Intravenous pyelography (IVP)
- Retrograde cystourethrogram
- Voiding cystourethrogram
- CT scan of the pelvis
- CT scan of the abdomen
- Pelvic ultrasound
- Ultrasound of the abdomen
For more information:
Continue to Injury of the Bladder Treatment
PubMed Injury of the Bladder References
- Hsieh CH, Chen RJ, Fang JF, et al. Diagnosis and management of bladder injury by trauma surgeons. Am J Surg. 2002 Aug;184(2):143-7. 
- Morey AF, Iverson AJ, Swan A, Harmon WJ, Spore SS, Bhayani S, Brandes SB. Bladder rupture after blunt trauma: guidelines for diagnostic imaging. J Trauma. 2001 Oct;51(4):683-6. 
- Ostrzenski A, Ostrzenska KM. Bladder injury during laparoscopic surgery. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1998 Mar;53(3):175-80.