Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Injury of the Ankle Underlying Cause

The ankles support the entire weight of the body, which makes them very susceptible to sprains, strains, fractures and other injuries.

When a forceful motion overloads the ankle, three types of injuries can occur:

  • Strain of the tendons that attach muscles to the bones
  • Sprain of the ligaments that attach one bone to another bone
  • Fracture of the bones

Common causes of ankle injuries include:
  • Falls
  • Sports injuries
  • Stepping onto an uneven surface
  • Automobile accidents
  • Occupational injuries

Types of ankle injury include:

Continue to Injury of the Ankle Types

Last Updated: Jan 25, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Injury of the Ankle References
  1. DiGiovanni BF, Partal G, Baumhauer JF. Acute ankle injury and chronic lateral instability in the athlete. Clin Sports Med. 2004 Jan;23(1):1-19, v. [15062581]
  2. Kunkel M, Miller SD. Return to work after foot and ankle injury. Foot Ankle Clin. 2002 Jun;7(2):421-8, viii. [12462119]
  3. McKay GD, Goldie PA, Payne WR, Oakes BW. Ankle injuries in basketball: injury rate and risk factors. Br J Sports Med. 2001 Apr;35(2):103-8.[11273971]
  4. Pugia ML, Middel CJ, Seward SW, Pollock JL, Hall RC, Lowe L, Mahony L, Henderson NE. Comparison of acute swelling and function in subjects with lateral ankle injury. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2001 Jul;31(7):384-8.[11451309]
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