Injured Ligaments Evaluation
The evaluation of a ligament sprain begins with a history and physical examination.
Physical findings in someone with a ligament sprain include:
- Decreased range of motion in a joint
- Inability to use the joint
- Joint instability
- Joint swelling and joint bruising
- Joint tenderness
Tests that may be used to evaluate ligament sprains include:
- Bone x-rays:
- X-rays may be necessary to exclude a fracture or dislocation.
- Torn ligaments are not visible on an x-ray.
For more information:
Continue to Injured Ligaments Treatment
- Bennett R. Addressing musculoskeletal pain. Geriatrics. 2004 Aug;59(8):11-2. 
- Garnett WR. GI effects of OTC analgesics: implications for product selection. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 1996 Sep;NS36(9):565-72. 
- Kerkhoffs GM, Rowe BH, Assendelft WJ, Kelly KD, Struijs PA, van Dijk CN. Immobilisation for acute ankle sprain. A systematic review. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2001 Sep;121(8):462-71. 
- Quinlan KP, Annest JL, Myers B, Ryan G, Hill H.Neck strains and sprains among motor vehicle occupants-United States, 2000. Accid Anal Prev. 2004 Jan;36(1):21-7. 
- van Os AG, Bierma-Zeinstra SM, Verhagen AP, de Bie RA, Luijsterburg PA, Koes BW. Comparison of conventional treatment and supervised rehabilitation for treatment of acute lateral ankle sprains: a systematic review of the literature. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2005 Feb;35(2):95-105. 
- Wollman S. Patient education series. Sprains and strains. Nursing. 2003 Sep;33(9):47.