Injured Ankle Treatment
All ankle injuries benefit from rest, elevation of the injured ankle, and cold compresses. Further treatment depends on the type and severity of the ankle injury. Treatment options include elastic wrapping the ankle, the application of splints or casts, and ankle surgery.
Treatment options for an ankle injury include:
- Cold compresses:
- Apply for 20 minutes at a time, 2 to 3 times per day
- Avoid activities that cause pain.
- Use a walker.
- Use crutches.
- Use a cane.
- Elevate the ankle
- Elastic wrap to the ankle
- Ankle cast or splint
- Narcotic pain medication:
- For moderate to severe pain
- For short term use only
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain:
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, NeoProfen)
- Ketoprofen (Actron, Orudis, Oruvail)
- Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve)
- Celecoxib (Celebrex)
- Surgery for ankle fracture
- Physical therapy for ankle injury
For more information:
Injured Ankle Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of an ankle injury.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- Will I need physical therapy?
- Will I need occupational therapy?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for having this injury again?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Injured Ankle Specialist
Continue to Injured Ankle Home Care
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- Kunkel M, Miller SD. Return to work after foot and ankle injury. Foot Ankle Clin. 2002 Jun;7(2):421-8, viii. 
- McKay GD, Goldie PA, Payne WR, Oakes BW. Ankle injuries in basketball: injury rate and risk factors. Br J Sports Med. 2001 Apr;35(2):103-8.
- Pugia ML, Middel CJ, Seward SW, Pollock JL, Hall RC, Lowe L, Mahony L, Henderson NE. Comparison of acute swelling and function in subjects with lateral ankle injury. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2001 Jul;31(7):384-8.