Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Inflamed Gums Overview

Another name for Inflamed Gums is Gingivitis.

What is gingivitis?
A person with gingivitis has irritation and swelling of the gums that surround the teeth. Gingivitis is caused by dental plaque: a mixture of bacteria, acid, food, and saliva. Plaque can crystallize to form a very hard coating, called tartar. Plaque and tartar irritate the gums, causing gingivitis. Gingivitis is one of the most common dental diseases. About 90 percent of people in the US have had gingivitis. Gingivitis resolves with treatment and proper oral hygiene.

What are the symptoms of gingivitis?
Common symptoms of gingivitis include gum redness, gum swelling, painful gums, bad breath, dental pain, and a bad taste in the mouth. Symptoms of advanced gingivitis may include fever, facial pain, and facial swelling.

How does the doctor treat gingivitis?
Treatment for gingivitis may include oral antibiotics, antiseptic mouthwash, good oral hygiene, and regular dental cleanings.

Continue to Inflamed Gums Incidence

Last Updated: Jul 31, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Inflamed Gums References
  1. Beirne P, Forgie A, Clarkson J, Worthington HV. Recall intervals for oral health in primary care patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Apr 18;(2):CD004346. [1584670]
  2. Ratcliff PA, Johnson PW. The relationship between oral malodor, gingivitis, and periodontitis. A review. J Periodontol. 1999 May;70(5):485-9. [10368052]
  3. Schatzle M, Loe H, Burgin W, Anerud A, Boysen H, Lang NP. Clinical course of chronic periodontitis. I. Role of gingivitis. J Clin Periodontol. 2003 Oct;30(10):887-901. [14710769]
  4. Trombelli L. Susceptibility to gingivitis: a way to predict periodontal disease? Oral Health Prev Dent. 2004;2 Suppl 1:265-9. [15646584]
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