Prevention of infertility includes:
- Stop smoking.
- Avoid exposure to secondary smoke.
- Avoid alcohol, or drink alcohol in moderation:
- For men: no more than 2 alcoholic beverages per day
- For women: no more than 1 alcoholic beverage per day
- Avoid exposure to industrial toxins:
- Reduce the risk for sexually transmitted disease:
- Do not have sex with multiple sexual partners.
- Do not have with anyone who has oral or genital sores.
- Do not have sex with anyone who has a penile discharge or vaginal discharge.
- Do not use petroleum jelly in the vagina.
- Do not have sex with a partner who has intercourse with others.
- Practice safe sex: use condoms.
- Reduce stress.
- Eat a low fat diet.
Prevention for Men
- Avoid firm narrow bike seats:
- Some bike saddles increase the risk of impotence.
- Regular exercise program
- Avoid hot tubs, steam rooms, and saunas.
- Avoid restrictive clothing.
Prevention for Women
Continue to Infertility Outlook
- Boivin J. A review of psychosocial interventions in infertility. Soc Sci Med. 2003 Dec;57(12):2325-41. 
- Egozcue J, Blanco J, Anton E, Egozcue S, Sarrate Z, Vidal F. Genetic analysis of sperm and implications of severe male infertility--a review. Placenta. 2003 Oct;24 Suppl B:S62-5. 
- Pandian Z, Bhattacharya S, Templeton A. Review of unexplained infertility and obstetric outcome: a 10 year review. Hum Reprod. 2001 Dec;16(12):2593-7. 
- Pritts EA. Fibroids and infertility: a systematic review of the evidence. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2001 Aug;56(8):483-91.